The KISS Grammar Workbooks Back to October Menu
(Code and Color Key)

Humorous Definitions
Exercise # 3
Analysis Key

1. A handkerchief is cold storage (PN). |

2. A myth is a  female moth (PN). |

3. A raisin is a grape (PN) {with a sunburn}. |

4. Tomorrow is one (PN) {of the greatest labor saving devices} {of today}. |

5. Dust is mud (PN) {with the juice} squeezed [#1] out. |

6. A skeleton is a bunch (PN) {of bones} {with the person} scraped [#2] off. |

7. A yawn is an honest opinion (PN) openly expressed [#3]. |

8. Inflation is cutting money [#4] {in half} {without damaging the paper [#5]}. |


Notes
1. "Squeezed" is a gerundive to "juice." At KISS Level Five, some students may prefer to explain "the juice squeezed out" as a noun absolute phrase that functions as the object of the preposition "with."
2. "Scraped" is a gerundive to "person." At KISS Level Five, some students may prefer to explain "the person scraped off" as a noun absolute phrase that functions as the object of the preposition "with."
3. "Expressed" is a gerundive to "opinion."
4. In the text I received, the definitions were not all sentences. Thus this one was:
"Inflation:
Cutting money in half without damaging the paper."
Note that when this is written as a sentence, it is very easy to read "is cutting" as the finite verb and "money" as the direct object. "Money" is the direct object of "cutting," but "cutting" itself can also be read, indeed, as a definition must be read, as a gerund that functions as a predicate noun. To avoid such confusion, the definition would normally be written as "Inflation is the cutting of money in half without damaging the paper."
5. "Paper" is the direct object of the gerund "damaging" which functions as the object of the preposition "without."