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(Code and Color Key)

Finite Verb or Verbal? -- The "To" Test (Ex # 7)
from Stories of Robin Hood Told to the Children, by Henrietta Elizabeth Marshall
Analysis Key

 
1. You must let me rule [#1] [Adv. to "rule" while the king is away]. |

2. You wouldn't let us dunk him [#2] {in the river}. |

3. The idea {of a real good fight} had made his bad temper fly [#3] away. |

4. He wanted to make David forget his unkind words [#4]. |

5. Deep down {in his wicked heart} John meant to make himself king [#5] altogether

and never let Richard come [#6] back any more. |

6. They came {with Duke William} to help him fight [#7] [Adv. to "to help" because he

promised to give them money and lands [#8] {as a reward}]. |

7. [Adv. to "are" If you cannot make people keep the laws [#9] or punish them (DO)

[Adv. to "punish" when they break them (DO) ]], you are no good Sheriff (PN). |


Notes
1. "Me" is the subject of the infinitive "rule"; the infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "must let."
2. "Us" is the subject, and "him" is the direct object of the infinitive "dunk." The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "would let."
3. "Temper" is the subject of the infinitive "fly"; the infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "had made."
4. "Words" is the direct object of, and "David" is the subject of, the infinitive "forget." This infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of the infinitive "to make" which functions as the direct object of "wanted."
5. "King" is a predicate noun after an ellipsed infinitive, the subject of which is "himself" -- 
"himself *to be* king." This ellipsed phrase functions as the direct object of the infinitive "to make," which functions as the direct object of "meant."
6. "Richard" is the subject of the infinitive "come." This infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of the infinitive "let" which functions as another direct object of "meant."
7. "Him" is the subject of the infinitive "fight." This infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of the infinitive "to help" which functions as an adverb (Why?) to "came."
8. "Money" and "lands" are direct objects of the infinitive "to give"; "them" is its indirect object. The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "promised."
9. "Laws" is the direct object, and "people" is the subject, of the infinitive "keep" The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "cannot make."