The KISS Grammar Workbooks Back to April Menu
(Code and Color Key)

Finite Verb or Verbal?: The "To" Test (Ex # 4):
from Stories of Robin Hood Told to the Children, by Henrietta Elizabeth Marshall
Analysis Key


 
1. Robin asked Marian to marry him [#1]. |

2. I don't want to quarrel [#2] {with you} any more. |

3. They sent them to try to win the Holy Land [#3] back. |

4. I cannot ask a gentle lady to come and live this rough life [#4] {with me}. |

5. {After a little} she pretended to give in [#5], and allowed several {of the 

men} to tie her hands [#6] {behind her back}. |


Notes
1. "Marian" is the subject, and "him" is the direct object of the infinitive "to marry." The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "asked."
2. The infinitive "to quarrel" is the direct object of "do want."
3. "Holy Land" is the direct object of the infinitive "to win." "To win" is the direct object of the infinitive "to try." Personally, I see the "to try" as answering the question "Sent why?" so I would explain it as an adverb to "sent" and "them," by itself, as the direct object of "sent." I would, however, accept "them" as the subject of "to try" and the "to try" phrase as the direct object of "sent." (The question is not worth an argument, and it is always nice to let a student feel that his or her explanation has been accepted.)
4. "Life" is the direct object of the infinitive "to live." "Lady" is the subject of the two infinitives, and the infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "cannot ask."
5. The infinitive "to give in" is the direct object of "pretended."
6. "Hands" is the direct object of the infinitive "to tie"; "several" is the subject of the infinitive, and the infinitive phrase is the direct object of "allowed."