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(Code and Color Key)

Finite Verb or Verbal? The "To" Test (Ex # 1): from
Stories of Robin Hood Told to the Children
by Henrietta Elizabeth Marshall

1. I went to claim my bride. [#1] |

2. Robin showed them (IO) where (DO) to put their horses, and where (DO) to sit. [#2] |

3. Then he set off to visit the King [#3] {in his palace}. |

4. Robin sat down {outside the cave} to wait [#4] [Adv. to "to wait" till Marian came back {to him} again]. |

5. To reach the monastery [#5] the Bishop had to pass {through part} {of Sherwood Forest}. |


Notes
1. "Bride" is the direct object of the infinitive "to claim"; the infinitive functions as an adverb to "went."
2. "Horses" is the direct object of the infinitive "to put"; the infinitives "to put" and "to sit" function as adjectives to "where."
3. "King" is the direct object of the infinitive "to visit." the infinitive functions as an adverb to "set off."
4. The infinitive "to wait" functions as an adverb to "sat."
5. "Monastery" is the direct object of the infinitive "To reach"; the infinitive phrase functions as an adverb to "had to pass."