Introduction to the KISS Grammar Workbooks 2004 North Carolina Trainer Manual
(Code and Color Key)

Exploring Verbs as Direct Objects
Exercise #4 - Comparing Gerunds and Infinitives as Direct Objects
Analysis Key

     Remember that at this KISS level, the objective is not that students recognize these verbs as gerunds or infinitives, but simply that they recognize that the verb phrase functions as a direct object, and that it may itself have subjects and complements.

1. a. My uncle started to laugh very hard {at us}! |

1. b. My uncle started laughing very hard {at us}! |

2. a. Alice began trying to turn off the stove. |

2. b. Alice began to try to take the pan {off the stove}. |

3. a. The children loved to go {through a dark tunnel}. |

3. b. The children loved going {through a dark tunnel}. |

4. a. Robert tried to make a pie {with apples}. |

4. b. Robert tried making a pie {with chocolate pudding}. |