Introduction to the KISS Grammar Workbooks 2004 North Carolina Trainer Manual
(Code and Color Key)

Exploring Verbs as Direct Objects
Exercise # 2: Infinitives with and without a subject
Analysis Key

     Remember that at this KISS level, the objective is not that students recognize these verbs as infinitives, but simply that they recognize that the verb phrase functions as a direct object, and that it may itself have subjects and complements.
     In  both versions of "1," "table" is the direct object of "set," and the infinitive "set" is the direct object of "helped."  In the second, "mom" is simultaneously the indirect object of "helped" and the subject of the infinitive "set." Thus the entire infinitive phrase functions as the direct object. The same is true for the rest of the sentences.

1. a. I helped set the table. |

1. b. I helped mom (IO) set the table. |
 

2. a. Alice really wants to do that again. |

2. b. Alice really wants you to do that again. |
 

3. a. My dad told me to try something new. |

3. b. My dad said to try something new. |

"New" is a post-positioned adjective.
4. a. Do you want to spend the night? |

4. b. Do you want Sarah to spend the night? |
 

5. a. Dad just said to turn the stove off. |

5. b. Dad just told us to turn the stove off. |
 

6. a. I wanted to dive {off the diving board}. |

6. b. I wanted Mary to dive {off the diving board}. |