From the Writing of Fourth Graders:
Verbals That Function as Adverbs
Sometimes, "to" plus a verb functions as an adverb to explain why something
is done. In the sentences below, note how these verbals answer the
question "Why?" in relation to the words they modify.
Part One: Directions:
1. Place parentheses ( ) around each prepositional
2. Underline verbs twice, their subjects once, and label complements
(PA, PN, IO, or DO).
3. Place brackets [ ] around each subordinate clause. If the clause
functions as a noun, label its function. If it functions as an adjective
or an adverb, draw an arrow from the opening bracket to the word that the
4. Place a vertical line after each main clause.
5. Label each interjection ("Inj"), each noun used as an adverb ("NuA"),
and each example of direct address ("DirA").
6. Make a box around each verbal and draw an arrow from the box
to the word that the verbal modifies.
1. I could not wait to come back
tomorrow and learn something new.
2. I gathered all my courage to
sit down and lock the seat belt.
3. I looked down to see almost invisible
steel wires holding us up.
4. One morning I went over to the
counter to get some grub to eat.
5. I gave the money to my mom to
hold it for me.
6. I would usually take off the
roof to see my cute little hamster sleeping in the maze.
Part Two: Write
a sentence like those above with a verbal that is used as an adverb.