From the Writing of Fourth Graders:
Verbals That Function as Adverbs
"to" plus a verb functions as an adverb to explain why something is done.
In the sentences below, note how these verbals answer the question "Why?"
in relation to the words they modify.
Part One: Directions:
1. Place parentheses ( ) around each prepositional
2. Underline verbs twice, their subjects once, and label complements
(PA, PN, IO, or DO).
3. Place brackets [ ] around each subordinate clause. If the clause
functions as a noun, label its function. If it functions as an adjective
or an adverb, draw an arrow from the opening bracket to the word that the
4. Place a vertical line after each main clause.
5. Label each interjection ("Inj"), each noun used as an adverb ("NuA"),
and each example of direct address ("DirA").
6. Make a box around each verbal and draw an arrow from the box
to the word that the verbal modifies.
1. Later we went back to my house to have some fun.
2. We were on our way to the swimming pool to scuba dive.
3. We got in line to wait.
4. She sped out the door to go to work.
5. Mr. Edgars was eager to start me on whips.
6. I went over to try to help her.
7. A few people from inside the Sand Piper came in to
see what was going on.
Part Two: Write a sentence like
those above with a verbal that is used as an adverb.