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Exercise # 16 Based on
The Tale of Samuel Whiskers by Beatrix Potter
Preposition or Part of the Verb?
Analysis Key

     Some students will mark anything that begins with what looks like a preposition as a prepositional phrase. The purpose of this exercise is to show students that "out the rain," "up the jar," "down some soot," "up the dough," and "up the chicken food" are not prepositional phrases.

1. The slanting slates kept out the rain (DO). |

The slates kept the rain out of the house.
2. They tipped up the jar (DO). |
They tipped the jar upward.
3. Tom Kitten knocked down some soot (DO) {into the fender}. |
Tom knocked some soot down.
4. She borrowed a small saucer (DO), and scooped up the dough (DO) {with her paws}. |
"Up the dough" does not make any sense here as a prepositional phrase. She scooped the dough upward.
5. The rats eat up the chicken food (DO), and steal the oats (DO) and bran (DO),

and make holes (DO) {in the meal bags}. |

Or: "Eat up" ("consume"). The rats do not eat "up the food" and then "down it."