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Exercise # 10 Based on
The Tale of Samuel Whiskers by Beatrix Potter
"To" plus a verb as a complement
Analysis Key

     "To" plus a verb is usually an infinitive. You can tell students that, but I would not expect them to remember it. At this point in their work, they need to learn to recognize it as a complement and not to mark it as a prepositional phrase.

1. It did not offer to assist (DO) him [#1]. |

2. Tom Kitten did not want to be shut up (DO) {in a cupboard}. |

3. {On baking day} she determined to shut (DO)  them [#2] up {in a cupboard}. |

4. He wriggled about and tried to mew (DO) {for help}. |

5. I will help you to find him [#3] (DO). |

6. They invited him [#4] to stay (DO) {to dinner}. |

1. "Him" is the direct object of "to assist."
2. "Them" is the direct object of "to shut."
3. "You" is the subject of "to find," and "him" is its direct object. The entire infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "will help."
4. "Him" is the subject of the infinitive, and the infinitive phrase is the direct object of "invited."