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 (Code and Color Key)

Exercise # 1 Based on
The Tale of the Pie and the Patty-Pan by Beatrix Potter
   Phrasal Verbs (Ex # 1)
Analysis Key

1. I will pour out the tea (DO). |

Means: I will pour the tea out of the teapot.
2. Ribby put on her shawl (DO) and bonnet (DO). |
Means: She put them on her body and head.
3. Has somebody been trying on my mittens (DO)? |
To make "on my mittens" a prepositional phrase is to suggest that somebody is physically on the mittens and is trying to do something. (My students, by the way, love this type of explanation.) The sentence means Has somebody been trying my mittens on their hands?
4. Ribby put on some coal (DO) and swept up the hearth (DO). |
Ribby put coal on the fire and she did not fly up the hearth. ("Sweep up" is an idiomatic expression.)
5. I will just lock up the spoons (DO)! |
It might be interesting to explore the idiomatic differences between "lock up" and "lock down," but in either case "up" or "down" the spoons does not make any sense as a prepositional phrase.
6. I put in a little tin patty-pan (DO) to hold up the crust [#1]. |
He put it in the pie, to hold the crust up. [Note that a preposition rarely, if ever, comes after its object in simple sentences such as this one.]
7. She put on a lilac silk gown (DO), {for the party}, and an embroidered muslin apron

(DO) and tippet (DO). |

She put them on her body.

1. "Crust" is the direct object of "to hold," which is an infinitive that functions as an adverb (of purpose) to "put."