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Exercise # 9 Based on
The Tale of Jemima Puddle-Duck, by Beatrix Potter
Is It a Finite Verb?
Analysis Key

1. You would let them go cold. |

"Them go cold" does not pass the sentence test, so "go" is not a finite verb. [It is an infinitive. "Them" is its subject," and "cold" is a predicate adjective. The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "would let."]
2. The collie-dog Kep [App] met her coming out. |
"Her coming out" does not pass the sentence test, so "coming" is not a finite verb. [At KISS Level Four, "coming" is explained as a gerundive that modifies "her," and "her" is explained as the direct object of "met." At KISS Level Five, some people prefer to explain "her coming" as the core of a noun absolute that functions as the direct object of "met."]
3. She ran downhill a few yards [NuA] flapping her shawl. |
"She flapping her shawl" does not pass the sentence test, so "flapping" is not a finite verb. [It is a gerundive that modifies "She," and "shawl" is its direct object.]
4. She went {round the farm-garden}, nibbling off snippets {of all the different sorts} {of herbs}. |
"She nibbling off snippets" does not pass the sentence test, so "nibbling" is not a finite verb. [It is a gerundive that modifies "She," and "snippets" is its direct object.]
5. The sandy whiskered gentleman was sitting {on a log} reading the newspaper. |
"The gentleman reading the newspaper" is not an acceptable sentence, so "reading" is not a finite verb. [Notice that it would be if there were an "and" in front of it. As is, it is a gerundive that modifies "gentleman," and "newspaper" is its direct object.]
6. There [Expletive] was a tumble-down shed (PN) {at the back} {of the house}, made {of old soap-boxes}. |
"Shed made of old soap-boxes" is not an acceptable sentence, so "made" is not a finite verb. (Note also that the sentence means that the shed was made of old soap-boxes.) ["Made" is a gerundive that modifies "shed."]
7. Jemima Puddle-duck had never heard him speak {like that}. |
"Him speak like that" is not an acceptable sentence, so "speak" is not a finite verb. [It is an infinitive; "him" is its subject, and the infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "had heard."]