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Using the Noun Test to Eliminate Verbals
From Pinocchio, The Tale of a Puppet, by C. Collodi
Analysis Key

Remember that the primary objective of this exercise is not to teach students about the details of verbals, but rather simply to teach them not to underline them as finite verbs.

1. Today {at school} I will learn to read [#1] {at once}. |

2. And the Fox, {in relating this} [#2] , dried a tear (DO). |

3. Walking upright {on his hind legs} was easy (PA) {for the Poodle}. |

4. The puppet was petrified (P) {on hearing this unexpected sentence} [#3] . |

5. The mouth then ceased laughing (DO) [#4] . |

6. He had the disgraceful fault (DO) {of telling lies} [#5] . |

7. Turning around {with such a long nose} was almost impossible (PA) . |

8. He continued staring (DO) [#6] {at her} {with wide open eyes}. |

9. One {of the assassins} tried to put his hand [#7] {in my mouth}. |

10. The soldier {without disturbing himself} [#8] {in the least} caught Pinocchio (DO)

cleverly {by the nose} and gave him (DO) {to Geppetto} [#9] . |


Notes
1. The verbal (infinitive) "to read" functions as the direct object of "will learn."
2. "This" is the direct object of the verbal (gerund) "relating." The verbal phrase functions as the object of the preposition.
3. "Sentence" is the direct object of the verbal (gerund) "hearing." The verbal phrase functions as the object of the preposition.
4. "Laughing" is a verbal, a gerund.
5. "Lies" is the direct object of the verbal (gerund) "telling." The verbal phrase functions as the object of the preposition.
6. "Staring" is a verbal, a gerund.
7. "Hand" is the direct object of the verbal (infinitive) "to put." The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "tried."
8. "Himself" is the direct object of the verbal (gerund) "disturbing." The verbal phrase functions as the object of the preposition.
9. The phrase "to Geppetto" can be described either as an adverb or as an indirect object.